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Educators and Professional Development Specialists

Interdisciplary Learning: Editing Images

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?  How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

This discussion post is part of the Adobe Education Exchange Professional Development Workshop, Interdisciplinary Learning with Adobe Photoshop 101: Editing Images

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Shafiq Rehman

Posted on 4/23/17 2:14:38 PM Permalink

I was looking for

Learning: Editing Images

and finally got it

thank you Adobe

Tracy Grant

Posted on 5/15/15 1:36:33 AM Permalink

I witness on an almost daily basis how visual literacy effects our students, conversations which are overheard can be very disturbing to me as I know that most of the images the students are comparing themselves too are edited. We are not only giving our students an unrealistic benchmark to aim for but also the knowledge that what we see in various forms i.e on the Internet, in magazines or newspapers is not real. We are constantly lying to them, yet we expect them not to lie to us.

In the courses that I teach I get the opportunity to educate the students on the reality of the digital images that have been altered and talk to them about the ethics involved, it usually leads to a healthy class discussion.

Scott Holdbrooks

Posted on 4/15/15 5:24:55 AM Permalink

I always like to tell my students how powerful photographic imagery can be; how it has the ability to change the world. Also like to issue the warning of how social media images have a life of their own and a tendency to live forever.

Sherri Rickman

Posted on 3/22/15 1:11:56 PM Permalink

I think it is very important for my students to see visual literacy because the majority of them want to have careers in media. Helping them understand the ramifications one could experience based off of a photo manipulation could help them think twice before making any adjustment. I believe it is important for students to understand what they can do ethically and feel good about their work.

In discussing photo manipulation I typically show the kids some images and ask them to decide if those images have been manipulated. We go through some videos that show how photos are manipulated and then we go back through and see which images have been manipulated. I believe this is pretty eye opening and it allows them to see what is ethical and what is not.

Tanya Hopper

Posted on 2/10/15 3:28:19 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?
How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?
I do not teach in a traditional classroom. As a photographer who uses Photoshop on a daily basis my kids have grown accustomed to seeing photo transformations. I think it is our role as parents to teach our children that what they see may not be an accurate representation of the truth, and that in today's technological society anything is possible, and therefore must be carefully examined and researched, and that we cannot place our faith, hope, and dreams into any cause or movement without really understanding the truth behind the face.

blake dujowich

Posted on 2/6/15 5:33:14 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is all around has a great impact on today's society on how we think.

German Silva

Posted on 1/23/15 3:54:52 AM Permalink

Visual literacy is all around us...and nobody can escape from it in the society we live in. Students are probably more adept and knowledge about the digital media surrounding us in society especially on social mediums. The tricky part is to sort out fact from fiction. Wherein lies truth? In the eye of the beholder? It's tricky and our responsibility as a society is to teach our citizens about what is right and what is wrong and make sure that we follow what is politically and ethically correct.

kayla malone

Posted on 1/13/15 4:25:31 AM Permalink

Visual literacy is vital for students to learn to understand how to interpret what one sees. I believe many younger students keep this in mind when seeing images of girls and guys on places such as instagram; but less so on news articles. Also, I think as with anything, it's important to learn the information and make your own decision on the subject. It is fundamental at least in imagery as an art form. Learning the rules then creating what you want...

Michae Allen

Posted on 12/27/14 5:08:27 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is important as a consumer of media so you know what to believe as fact. The line between satire/political commentary and total fantasy is being severely blurred. It is just as important to know the information behind the images you see to know whether or not they are real/true/factual.

Tanya Hopper

Posted on 2/10/15 3:30:01 AM Permalink

This is so true. There are many websites offering political satire, and it is sometimes very difficult for adults to tell truth from fiction, much less our kids.

Beverly Tate

Posted on 12/27/14 3:25:07 PM Permalink

In the tutorial, I learn to manipulate a vase and flowers with acorn using Adobe Photoshop. I think this is good for students to learn but in the right way. Any and all feedback are welcome. I think this should be incorporated in the Creative designing or art curriculum, but also by instructing learners about the good and bad side of manipulating any photo or images, as to when and when not to manipulate them. Here is the link to my design: Flower & Vase

Daniel Martinez

Posted on 12/23/14 4:33:00 AM Permalink

Visual literacy gives the students a firm understanding of the positive and negative aspects of image manipulation. As noted in the articles, manipulating images is not always bad. It may, in some cases, be necessary or an more accurate way of representing a captured moment. Understanding that applications like Photoshop have made it easier to accomplish and more prevalent, brings up the issue of using this power ethically. Students have to ultimately make the ethical decisions of how to use these applications and visual literacy will help make that decision and educated one.

I use examples of ethical and unethical uses of image manipulation. Ask the students thought-provoking questions that generates a primarily student driven discussion.

Maribeth Klopatek

Posted on 12/23/14 12:55:52 AM Permalink

Digital literacy should be required in art curriculum in high schools through out the US. The basics need to be discussed at an even earlier age.

Sarah Moilanen

Posted on 12/7/14 11:34:59 PM Permalink

I believe that it is important to inform students about the positive and negative about photo editing. It is important that they are aware of both in order for them to grow as digital citizens. I show examples of photos and ask them guiding questions. It leads to a very interesting class discussion.

I am having trouble uploading the image. I am also having problems with the software trial.

LeNelle Cobbs

Posted on 12/9/14 4:23:59 AM Permalink

The ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images is important for students to discuss and gain an understanding of positive and negative aspects. The knowledge gained will help students to creatively use Photoshop to tell stories that both informs and entertains without harm.

Craig Richardson

Posted on 12/6/14 2:42:57 AM Permalink

I discuss photo manipulation as well as advertising and politics as part of critical thinking, learning how to evaluate and verify information as well as the ethics of using resources. By looking at how art and advertising use imagery and words we learn how we are manipulated as well as how to strengthen our own attempts to influence others. We also discuss when it is legitimate to alter 'reality' and the importance of representing work as original or manipulated as many issues surround this issue. A tricky question is how much a copyrighted work must be manipulated become a new and unique work of art separate from the original. Perhaps the most important lesson is to understand that even documentary evidence is not guaranteed to be a true representation of events therefore do not accept the evidence without further corroboration and verification.

Here is a link to my troubled attempt to improve upon one of my favorite birding photos of a pelican taking off! Pelican.pdf

James Grasmick

Posted on 12/4/14 5:31:56 AM Permalink

It is important to tell students that it is ok to manipulate a photo as long as it is not harming or offending anyone else. It can be fun to see what kind of reaction you get from people when you do some digital touch ups but if you make changes on a photo of a person, then you must get permission to do so if you are going to make it public. You can do what ever you want with the photo if you are at home but you can't make it public.

Sunyee Chang

Posted on 12/2/14 11:05:13 PM Permalink

I think it is very important because it is so easy to manipulate a photo with today's technology that without guidelines, it can be deemed as acceptable behavior because "everyone else is doing it". This could lead to cyberbullying and a host of other problems. So having a discussion on the ethics of photo manipulation should be an essential part of being a digital citizen in the classroom.

Maclovia Garcia

Posted on 11/30/14 2:03:35 AM Permalink

Digital literacy should be a must for everyone, especially in the classroom

Tiff Shaw

Posted on 11/29/14 9:23:07 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is of utmost importance for today's students. To make them savvy digital citizens, it is my job to discuss image manipulation with them, show examples and talk about the ethics involved. I think one of the best way to do this is to share examples with them first and have them wrestle with what they believe is ethical. As they develop their ideas on the subject, I can include examples to push the boundaries and help them to see the full weight of the issues surrounding digital manipulation. As a class we would st guidelines for our Photoshop practices.
Here's a link to my first attempt at an ad mashup.

Tracy Shields

Posted on 11/24/14 6:11:24 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is equally important if not number one on the list to teach students. The world students grow up in today can be be digitally modified at any level. Audio, video, and stills alike are easily transformable to create an image that is either pleasing or horrifying in order to persuade the public opinion one direction or the other. Digital literacy and Digital citizenship are necessary topics for both home and school. It is the job of educators to also teach students that primary and secondary sources of any shape or form must be researched for their authenticity. It also equally important to examine the manipulated documents, pictures, video or sound bites to determine why someone would create this altered view and how the purpose of manipulation plays a part in our world.


Posted on 11/22/14 2:31:05 AM Permalink

I think visual literacy is essential in this increasingly digital world where the pictures communicate more than the actual text does. People are more likely to remember an image over words and it is important to help students understand that images communicate overt and covert messages. We just discussed how Photoshop can be used to alter the meaning of an image and, when in used in combination with social media, can cause widespread misinformation. We looked at the the number of false images that we assumed to be true and tweeted during Hurricane Sandy. I think it's important for students to be mindful of the ways they use the tool so that they don't misrepresent something or themselves and practice good digital citizenship as a result.

Beverly Tate

Posted on 11/19/14 10:18:55 PM Permalink

I would implement this into the course study for student to know how easy it is to manipulate any image, in a positive way.

Moza Al-Muqbali

Posted on 11/17/14 4:39:39 PM Permalink

I think digital literacy is very important to reflect and think of the reliability of any picture.

Dustin McOnie

Posted on 11/16/14 11:02:10 PM Permalink

Agree, Lyn Oxley. Well said. It's so important to explore digital manipulation and the ethics of, given our young people are overly subjected to consumer marketing. As discerning adult its easy to forget I have this skill, young people need to learn to discern and develop skills to filter manipulation and create with authenticity.

Lyn Oxley

Posted on 11/15/14 12:23:04 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

Students need to be informed of manipulated photos and how to discern fake from real ones. They should also be aware that photo manipulation has been going on since photography began. In a 2011 L'Oreal advert, Julia Roberts was photoshopped so much her skin was like porcelain. There was so much controversy over the airbrushing technique, the ad was withdrawn:

How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?

I have shown students the Dove Quest for Beauty video and discussed the behind the scenes work that went on to produce the final billboard image. It was an eye-opener to some students who at least now have an awareness not to believe every image they see.

Odilia Clarkson

Posted on 11/12/14 5:46:15 AM Permalink

Manipulation of digital images are now used worldwide. This is a good subject for a class debate whereby students can implement their own creations ready for any type of debate. Discussions can focus on the ethics and how manipulated images are used to promote ideas.

Tim Creighton

Posted on 10/31/14 10:20:49 PM Permalink

This is a great resource with some excellent clips that can be used straight away. This is going to fit in well with my current Yr 10 - 'image' unit - mostly where we have been focusing on body image etc.
Thanks Adobe.

Alisha Crawford

Posted on 10/26/14 6:34:39 PM Permalink

When dealing with altering images in the poster workshop I teach I stress the importance of students understanding the deep responsibility of honesty and integrity to the message. As digital citizens working with images, the creative should make true and fair contributions, not the sensationalized, misrepresentations that are becoming the norm just to bring attention. I ask students to look at most media (video or pictures in magazines, on the internet, TV, Newspapers) and ask them "Do you see images of integrity or images that dumb down, stereotype or vilify?" The point is to get them to see that what we all do affects our world and Creatives should be focused on the beauty of solutions and not being part the problem.

Judith Okolie

Posted on 10/26/14 6:00:37 AM Permalink

I think it's important to explain to students that the digital world is easily manipulated and that you have to think critically about what you view. Visual literacy is key to understanding how to view media and whether or not we should accept things at face value. I love to tell students about how images for magazine covers are always enhanced with Photoshop and discuss examples where body parts are swapped in order to achieve a perfect photo.

Joshua Manus

Posted on 10/20/14 5:16:13 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? I think Visual literacy is a major part of my kids becoming more functional digital citizens. being instagram famous or having a lot of followers is a big deal to kids now days photoshopping cool pictures is one way to make that happen, thats a whole new way for kids to be considered cool witch is what they all want at the end of the day. it kinda evens the playing field for the kids who might not have been considered cool or talented by their peers before.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images? i think the kids have a pretty good understanding about the rules as far as making an art piece and making something to profit from.

susan leequee

Posted on 10/15/14 4:01:33 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?
How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?
I see visual literacy as an essential in their development as digital citizens and also as designers and storytellers. Teaching them about critically analyzing various media will make them better users and appreciate copyright and intellectual property. It is very easy as producers for them to just pick, download and use without consideration, but giving them a foundation on Ethics will at least have them hopefully stop and think.

Aretha Sanders

Posted on 10/14/14 2:09:06 AM Permalink

Teaching students to become visually literate will help them to consider their audience and their affect on how they portray images in the media. There is an activity that I do with my students periodically during the semester called "Wake Up Moments". It's were I will take images that has been altered via photoshop in the media. In a discussion students are to answer a series of questions including "how does this image and images like it affect society if we keep seeing it over and over. The ultimate goal is to train students to be visual observers of media as well as to engage them to be true to the art of creating media- if you change the perception without loosing the integrity of the craft then you impact an audience in a positive manner.

Jay King

Posted on 10/11/14 7:22:54 PM Permalink

i would share these examples with the students and emphasize the importance of integrity and ethics in their own work when covering information literacy, plagiarism and copyright.

Here is my example for this discussion: Summer14DJKing

Amanda Sharp

Posted on 10/8/14 8:10:29 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?
Students need to be able to critique written work and images for authenticity whether for research use or for personal use. If they cannot think about the legitimacy of others' then we lose the ability to make decisions based on gathered evidence. The adage, "It's on the internet, it must be true" is a concern that we all should be aware is NOT true. The chain emails that circulate should tip everyone off that we should question anything that we are shown for authenticity.
How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?
As a teacher we usually take photoshop and crop ourselves into another background and talk about how the tabloids are pros at airbrushing out wrinkles and making you look "10 pounds" thinner. A great way to have an ethics lesson is what is ethically sound versus what can be used to make money. Having the altered pictures of historical moments is a good way to invoke discussion on ethics in the digital age.

Colin Maxwell

Posted on 10/8/14 1:59:07 PM Permalink

Here's a link to my manipulated image.

Invisible Man image

It was made with two images - one of the background and another of me posing in the same location. The middle part was removed and then part of the trousers and sweater were cloned into the missing portion.

I teach photography at college, and for certain genres of photography manipulation is acceptable (advertising) and in other genres is unacceptable (photo journalism). We do examine the ethics of manipulating images and use the 'Dove' video as an introduction to the subject.

Robin Ulster

Posted on 10/6/14 7:49:02 AM Permalink

Visual literacy plays a huge role in students' development as digital citizens. It helps them as consumers and producers of images in many ways, including, but not limited to:

  • identifying bias
  • analyzing the history of the reporting of digital manipulation including people believing the moon landing was faked
  • analyzing the ways in which symbols, colours, backgrounds and photo editing are manipulated to produce meaning and often multiple meanings
  • helps students decode advertisements, music videos, films, TV shows, propaganda and images from history
  • discussing/analyzing our concept of 'truth' and 'reality'
  • making connections to issues of memory, happiness & social networking (see Woman Fakes Southeast Asia Vacation)

When it comes to ethics, we have Socratic Seminars and debates on the more complicated issues because the difference between art and reality, between image and truth is sometimes the most fascinating and controversial conversation. As long as students continue to dialogue and analyze these issues, they will be more ethnical creators and more aware consumers.

Timothy King

Posted on 10/5/14 11:03:57 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

Visual literacy plays a very significant role in the lives of our students and their development as digital citizens. With social media being as popular as it is today, students seem to develop themselves as digital citizens on their own. I currently do not talk about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop, but I am sure that I will one day.

Mary Trees

Posted on 10/5/14 9:51:03 PM Permalink

Jessica Kaminsky

Posted on 10/5/14 6:30:26 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is rarely talked about, with students AND adults. Most people know that magazine photos have been Photoshopped and that they shouldn't expect this standard of beauty in real life (although this is much easier in theory than practice), but people rarely consider the possibility photos are altered in other contexts. For example, my parents and my students would never think to questions photos in a newspaper or political website. Visual literacy for all people is an important component of being a savvy citizen.

Mandi Wyndham

Posted on 10/5/14 12:02:00 AM Permalink

I see visual literacy playing a major role in my student's role as digital citizens. They are inundated with media everywhere and will have to use it. By teaching them the correct way to view things and the ethics of digital imagery, we are enabling good citizens. I think talking to them about the politics of using Photoshop to manipulate images is key to their media development. They can learn the ethics and create great work using these tools.

Here's my edited photo

Rob Amonette

Posted on 10/4/14 11:58:45 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

Since I'm working with 9 and 10-year-old students and I'm just beginning to teach the students how to manipulate digital images in order to express their personal identity I really haven't thought about teaching visual literacy although I will read rethink this I was hoping to use the real or fake tutorial but the link wasn't working.I will have to develop a simplified version of visual literacy and the ethics of manipulating images.

kiesha poole

Posted on 10/4/14 11:57:41 PM Permalink

We actually take the student to a fake website, let them explore it ask them questions, and then spring on them that even thought he website is beautifully designed it is a fake, the information on the site is all false. Most importantly we teach them what you see is not always what you get, so check your resources, thoroughly. I believe developing a code of ethics within your classroom based off of some of the photojournalism standards would be a good direction to go in. After all we are teaching them on professional level software so their standards should be at a professional level.

Jennifer Heinlein

Posted on 10/4/14 3:10:50 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

Students today live in an ever increasing digital world. Some people out of fear would like to "unplug" today's youth but instead I think that by increasing their digital literacy you provide them with a very powerful tool. The digital world is not going anywhere so the task falls upon us as educators to teach today's youth how to navigate through it and become responsible digital citizens.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?We look at historical examples that pre-date Photoshop and examine what their intent was? A lot of it circles back to the intent of manipulation and opening up those lines of discussion to help ensure that they grow up to be critical viewers.

Mamdouh Samy

Posted on 10/2/14 2:44:51 PM Permalink

Here is an image I Photoshoped for this workshop,

Mamdouh Samy

Posted on 10/2/14 12:59:30 PM Permalink

I believe digital literacy is a very important concept that students need to keep in mind at all times in order to be able to judge what they see or hear in the media and have their own judgement in order not to be fooled by biased messages.

Ethics of using Photoshop is a very important concept that students need to understand and follow in order not to do any wrong with their Photoshop abilities.

Christopher Gegen

Posted on 10/1/14 9:08:28 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? As students consume more and more digital content through the internet, it's absolutely critical that students have the skill set to make the distinction between what is reality and what has been altered. The larger concern is the blurring of lines between what the news media reports and if any of their images have been altered. And the other concern is what happens to those students today who are so accustomed to being bombarded with altered images that eventually these students see it as the norm.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images? Our students work primarily in video editing software, but we come up against the same ethics issues. It's just as easy to manipulate video as it is with still photos. For example two different editors can take the same interview and through the magic of editing, splicing together different portions of different sound bites and using different b-roll images, you can present two completely different points of view. Something we will see more and more of especially with political ads as we get closer to election time.


Posted on 10/1/14 7:07:14 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?
in a day and age where anyone can go and change an image to almost reflect almost anything and have it look realistic, itis important that the ethics involved be discussed.
How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?
by addressing the historic rationale and the unspoken messages that manipulating images can project in a media saturated society, learners and users of the software must have the discussions on what messages, feelings and agenda these changes can evoke.

Jessica Garza

Posted on 9/30/14 8:12:52 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is a concept that students seem to be able to comprehend quickly, probably because so much of their everyday lives involve digital/visual media, even in the classroom. What I would most importantly stress to all my students, is that the girls/women on magazines and so much of their favorite celebrities' images are almost completely fabricated. And for them to not hold their own self-image or worth to such unrealistic standards.

Noman Rafique

Posted on 9/30/14 7:47:34 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is something that students learn easily and quickly comparatively.In this sense they also need to have the ability to distinguish among fake and true images.

Mary Trees

Posted on 9/30/14 3:42:40 AM Permalink

Visual literacy will play a major role in understanding and producing images, which will shape they way they act as digital citizens. It is important to be able to see how and why images are manipulated. Bringing up cases or examples of ethical/political situations, and then allowing the students to discuss their thoughts would be a great way to start.

Ariel Elinson

Posted on 9/29/14 4:37:25 PM Permalink

I think visual literacy should play a significant role for students. I speak to my students about it but I do not spend enough time on it as I would like.

Ursula Cable

Posted on 9/29/14 10:06:21 AM Permalink

It's always fascinating to expose students to the reality of how much the images they view are manipulated. They are such experienced viewers of digital media and yet are often so unaware of how extensively they are misled by what they see. We examine a unit which explores the concept of misrepresentation of gender in the media. This photoshop module really raised my awareness of the need to differentiate the purpose of photo manipulation; the ethical considerations and the aesthetic reasons for why this might take place. I will be revisiting this unit to expand on these issues. Clearly, an examination of the photos themselves encourages dialogue but I will need to have very explicit questions to draw students into this discussion.

Deborah Altenbeck

Posted on 9/28/14 5:49:04 PM Permalink

I think it's important that students know about this line between aesthetics and ethics, especially when it comes to bullying peers or teachers. Even if some manipulations are meant to be funny, they might also be offensive for others. Students need to learn this when being equipped with this powerful tool of image manipulation.

Ana Cristina Contreras

Posted on 9/10/14 9:04:47 PM Permalink

Entiendo que la manipulación de las imágenes digitales deben ser tratados con mucho cuidado ya que podríamos alterar conceptos e interpretaciones mal manejo de ella. Enseñemos a nuestros estudiantes sobre el uso ético de la herramienta y cómo utilizar este correctamente.

Beth Castle Lovell

Posted on 9/8/14 6:04:16 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? Visual literacy is one important piece of making sense of news and information that we all confront on a daily basis. Identifying the source of an article, story or picture, thinking about intended audience and intended message are part of piecing together its authenticity. Are there sources that are more trusted than others, after one has vetted them? Is there something that can be learned from a source that is biased or skewed in one direction or another? If something is more for entertainment than meant to be factual or argumentatively persuasive, does that change how you view and question it? Is a photo ever truly "factual"?

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images? It will be an interesting discussion for sure, and hopefully an ongoing one. Reality is in the eye of the beholder. I agree with Duane below about showing a variety of examples in different contexts, with different intentions. I think I will start with showing my high school students the Dove Ad because it is self-contained and it relates to them directly. I think I will also tell them about the types of retouching that I have had most experience with personally, which I think of as fairly innocuous, whitening someone's teeth, removing stray hairs, taking out a sign from a background. It is a conversation worth revisiting, in different grade levels, as it could become really charged.

Duane Erickson

Posted on 9/5/14 6:34:54 PM Permalink

Before discussing the ethics of digital manipulation, I think it's a great idea to show them a variety of examples. This allows us as teachers to pose the question in different contexts (ie school photo touch ups, model makeovers, political ads, etc).

Shelly Gooden

Posted on 8/31/14 5:26:05 AM Permalink

Ethical discussions are covered each term. We cover academic integrity and code of conduct. The discussion of digital manipulation is a part of this type of discussion.

Pamela Hollmon

Posted on 8/24/14 11:37:33 PM Permalink

Even teaching in an elementary school, my students understand the concept of manipulating pictures. As for the ethics of manipulation, I tell my students to follow the "Golden Rule." However, my students must only work on those pictures with their faces and/or bodies or landscape/environmental pictures. We had an issue a couple of years ago where students were editing/manipulating pictures and one child became upset about the final product of her face. Yet, as it was happening, she was laughing and encouraging the student working on the picture. The ethics and politics of photo manipulation or enhancement is a gray-area. I try to keep my personal opinions out of discussions with the kids; yet, encourage them to think about why they are changing the look of a picture.

Mavis McLean

Posted on 8/24/14 1:09:00 AM Permalink

I see visual literacy playing a huge role in my students' development as digital citizens. Being visually literate is very important. Students need to understand how images are manipulated, as well as how to manipulate images.

I would tell my students that manipulating images is not necessarily wrong or deceitful. There can be some benefits of "photoshopping" an image. They should know that if an image is manipulated, there should be disclaimer stating this. The image should not be passed as an original if it has been altered.

Barbara Swanner

Posted on 8/23/14 7:10:10 PM Permalink

With all my students I spend an entire class period talking about how manipulating photos can change their history, and even how changing a family member's looks today can change how future generations think of members of their family. We discuss in an open dialogue when is it appropriate, and how much editing should be done to a photograph that is not an art project.This is usually after I show a video on the history of photography and the part on photo editing and the press.

Ceallaigh Norman

Posted on 8/22/14 8:58:52 PM Permalink

Ethics is crucial to citizenship. And citizenship is no different to digital citizenship. It is so important for young people to have a critical awareness of themselves and the world they participate in.

sandro c mendes

Posted on 8/22/14 2:34:09 AM Permalink

Politics and ethics? I think that much of the education we bring from home, then we can always see what the current law says.
Just follow the law. Simple as that!

Debra Tampone

Posted on 8/21/14 9:52:30 PM Permalink

I think it is critical in any course that covers visual literacy to cover the issues of ethics and aesthetics. It is quite easy to become a producer of digital imagery and in turn be influenced by what we see. It is inevitable in our digitally overloaded world. The responsible move is to educate, motivate and inspire students to understand and become digital citizens. Students should take pride and ownership of their creations and be responsible for how they are viewed.

Joe Roberts

Posted on 8/19/14 7:38:09 PM Permalink

I think that it is important to convey to students. The difference between cleaning up visual distractions in a photo and total changing a photo to represent something that never happened. For example, in show a shoot from the homecoming parade it is ok to clean up the shoot to remove trash on the street or a light pole in the back of someone's head. But' it is not ok to put someone on a float who was not at the parade.

Ceallaigh Norman

Posted on 8/18/14 2:51:46 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

Visual literacy supports students awareness of the world in which they live which includes their development as digital citizens.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

I include ethics in all areas of my teaching. I encourage students to look at multiple interpretations of the work that they do - looking at the world from perspectives other than their own.

tannizia anthony

Posted on 8/13/14 5:52:04 PM Permalink

Visual literacy plays a vital element of digital citizenry. However, after reviewing all of the doctored photographs I can see how altering photographs can be misleading and false. We have all heard about the models being Photoshopped to enhance their appeal, but I hadn't considered the many other areas in which altered photos can paint an untrue picture for viewers.

I will definitely include this type of discussion with my students while including several of the resources provided in this workshop.

Below is the image I created using photoshop[user]=141275481&filters[recent]=1&sort=1&o=0

Aaron Smith

Posted on 8/7/14 9:07:34 PM Permalink

One of my favorite photography lessons with my intro to journalism students is the ethical discussion. I show examples of images that were manipulated for journalistic use and then the originals. One of the greatest examples is the photo of OJ Simpson that is used on both Time and Newsweek. It leads to some great conversation on context and appropriateness of photo editing in, specifically in the digital age, now that it is so simple. It also opens the door for conversations about how images can drive emotional connection to a story. I know that last bit is slightly off topic, but I think the conversations often intertwine with the students.

georgina mederos

Posted on 8/7/14 3:08:33 PM Permalink

I feel that it is very important to allow students to know they have to question images and cannot believe everything they see on tv, the internet or on the news. These links would be great examples to show my older students, showcasing the changes made and discussing the reasons the photos may have been edited.

Christia Bowden

Posted on 8/4/14 6:02:17 AM Permalink

Visual literacy plays a huge role in students' development as digital citizens. We live in a very technologically heavy age where you can't always trust what you see in an image. It's important for them to understand how they should use Photoshop and how they shouldn't. These software applications give users great power and as they say with great power comes great responsibility. You don't want them to do anything to mislead people or defile someone's name or image.

Edward Mondragon

Posted on 7/28/14 4:21:19 PM Permalink

1) Visual literacy plays a valuable element of digital citizenry although I really hadn't considered it. However, after reviewing all of the doctored photographs through time, I can see how altering photographs can be misleading and untruthful. We have all heard about the models being Photoshopped to enhance their appeal, but I hadn't considered the many other areas in which altered photos can paint an untrue picture for viewers. I will definitely include this type of discussion with my students while including several of the resources provided in this workshop.

Share Your Image (Dropbox): Beginning_Photoshop_01.jpg

Janet Wentum

Posted on 7/28/14 2:42:18 AM Permalink

Sue Bedard

Posted on 7/25/14 5:10:50 PM Permalink

Here is a link to my first attempt at using Photoshop. I brought parts of 4 different images into this final image. It was fun, but took awhile. I need a lot more practice.

Sue Bedard

Posted on 7/24/14 3:04:50 PM Permalink

Ethics and citizenship will play into this conversation. I think the purpose behind the activity or assignment is important and there needs to be a caption provided to set the stage or tell the story why the image was created. It is important to have the conversation about not misleading information being presented as the truth.

Andy Powell

Posted on 7/24/14 1:15:13 PM Permalink

The ability to distinguish between artistic use and journalistic use of digital photography manipulation is paramount. Photoshop is a powerful tool that that can enhance but can also have a negative backlash.

Julia Heckles

Posted on 7/24/14 11:39:41 AM Permalink

As I have been closely looking at and considering the images presented through this course and beyond it, I am becoming aware of the dangers of visual overkill. The result being counterproductive to one of the purposes of Photoshop - to improve, highlight, inspire and attract the viewer. As is the case in its use by the professional industry, where it works brilliantly.

However for students, I believe that if we neglect to educate about themes and issues around concepts of visual analysis and visual culture, we have a danger of a more is more culture emerging whereby the quantity of images rise and the quality sink. Therefore, I think that it is imperative to open up and direct an awareness of the possibilities of destroying the visual piece.

Whilst researching for this question I found this article in 'Theory Into Practice', 2008, The College of Education and Human Ecology, Ohio State University. Here is one of many claims that are pertinent to this discussion:

'Physical landscapes and virtual screen-scapes are cluttered with garish and gratuitous graphics competing for attention. The noise and redundancy of this visual overload is confusing at best, and dangerous at worse.'

Susan E. Metros 'The Educator’s Role in Preparing Visually Literate Learners'

This work by Susan E. Metros is worth a read. And I would be interested in the responses of others.

judith schwartz

Posted on 7/21/14 8:33:18 PM Permalink

I think it's extremely important for students to understand copyright laws pertaining to images. Students think that if something is on the web, for example in google images or Flickr, that it is free to use. It's important to educate both students and faculty about this. I will teach Visual Literacy this fall and this was helpful as I'm compiling ideas. I think Digital Literacy is important as far as file sizes and color management, the difference between creating files for the web and print.

Adrienne Grace

Posted on 7/21/14 8:14:01 PM Permalink

The classes I've taught haven't focused on Photoshop, except as a way to convert images to CMYK, or resize for web. However, I do make a HUGE point to speak about copyright. Ideally, they should create and use their own images (or a client's), but at the very minimum make sure all images are licensed through Creative Commons.

Deborah Hargroves

Posted on 7/21/14 1:21:42 AM Permalink

It is very important for teachers to explain to students the ethics of visual literacy and copyright issues. I like what was said in one of the articles about being truthful about what has been done to a photo and not trying to pass it off as original. But in reality, we can't believe everything we see in photographs.

M. Chow

Posted on 7/20/14 6:45:24 AM Permalink

I explained to my students that any image from the internet is copyrighted. It doesn't matter if it's from Google, Flicker or some stranger's Facebook page. If you want to use an image for commercial use, you need written permission.

For example, a co-worker of mine does beautiful nature shots. One of her photos was found in National Geographic magazine. She called and wanted payment for the use of her image. The company had said because the image was on Flicker, it was ok. On the contrary it isn't. Because my co-worker couldn't afford a lawyer, the company offered her a year subscription to National Geographic!

It isn't fair. As a graphic designer, if you posted your own work, and you see someone else using it how would you feel. Well, it's the same feeling if you do that to someone else. Once I tell my students that story, they understand.

It's up to them in the end if they comply with those guidelines. I know I played my part in letting them know what copyright is and what not to do.

Karen Ellis

Posted on 7/20/14 6:00:43 AM Permalink

I like the term visual literacy and see it as critical in students development as digital citizens. I think showing examples of visual manipulation using tools like PS is an important first step in educating students.

Irma Bauer

Posted on 7/19/14 10:46:42 PM Permalink

Students should have a good understanding of when it is all right to manipulate and photo and when it is not. It is also a good way to get them to start thinking about what they see everyday.

leonard oliver

Posted on 7/18/14 9:49:08 PM Permalink

Students need to question everything they see and read on the net. Anything can be manipulated. Anything can be changed. Seeing is believing is no longer true.

Bhuvana Sriram

Posted on 7/18/14 6:44:53 PM Permalink

Visual literacy plays vital role in students development as digital citizens. Its important to educate the students about the ethics of manipulating images within frame work of rules. They must be educated about the consequences of violating the rules while manipulating. It may be fun to use products like Photoshop to manipulate the images within the framework.

uma ravi

Posted on 7/18/14 1:48:00 PM Permalink

Digital literacy has lot of importance in education.It enhances creative thinking skills and alot of fun.If would fun teaching certain subjects to increase intrerest of students and make them more attentive.The manipulation of images should be taught with certain ethics to be followed to avoid destructive and emotional effects on people.

Comfort Ugwuh

Posted on 7/18/14 3:01:42 AM Permalink

It is very important that we educate the students on visual literacy benefits and consequences. Just like in copying and downloading music, today's thinks they can get away with anything. Photo editing and manipulation can be fun, but it can led some people into trouble if not properly taught. I will appeal to their conscience to do it right.

On another note, every thing I tried today to open and complete the activities in Adobe Photoshop 101 and 102 could not work for me. It keep saying the page is unavailable or blank page. Please advise me on how to complete these activities. Thank you.

Julie Haring

Posted on 7/17/14 12:39:32 PM Permalink

Visual Literacy is extremely important in oder for our students to become responsible digital citizens. Teaching awareness of image manipulation techniques by showing these example videos helps to develop a discerning eye for potential visual manipulation as well as to engage critical thinking skills.

Chris Lorenz

Posted on 7/17/14 3:58:58 AM Permalink

The importance of digital literacy is that students and adults need to understand that taking a image and changing it may have consequences. It may effect the way other people interpret what is going on in the pictures. if changing the picture is for artistic reasons then I am all for it. But if it is for propaganda then I am against it.

Shawn Surma

Posted on 7/17/14 12:58:17 AM Permalink

Yes, litacry has to play a role in student's development, especially as digital citizens.

Linda Parker

Posted on 7/16/14 7:50:52 AM Permalink

When discussing editing in photoshop particularly where they are making women much thinner I discuss that the ethical issues in doing this is creating a unreal world which can cause a range of social problems such as eating disorders and self esteem issues

deston tanner

Posted on 7/14/14 6:41:53 PM Permalink

Is there such a thing a a visual "sound bite"?

Tony Crewe

Posted on 7/13/14 7:01:07 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

Yes, understanding how images can be manipulated is very important.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

Show articles/examples where images have been manipulated and discuss pros and cons.

Jack Randell

Posted on 7/5/14 2:04:08 AM Permalink

Visual literacy is critical to the capacity to make effective judgements in the digital age where we are bombarded with enticing imagery inviting us to believe or purchase. Access to and an understanding of the tools of visual and digital literacy are critical to personal participation in this exciting new global era.

I introduce my students to the cultural distinctions and similarities of "Law" and "Lore". I follow this tutorial with some research and discussion on personal and community heritage. If I can I ask a community elder to visit with the group and tell some stories about values

salwa nabhan

Posted on 7/1/14 7:59:24 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

Visual literacy is very important for my students as they work with artwork all the time, whether analyzing or producing their own. The process of producing a visual involves thinking about how others will interpret what you are

presenting and trying to make the content accessible to everyone.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

By showing them examples where manipulation of images does really matter. Maybe a good starting point would be a discussion that helps them use critical thinking skills as they analyze the images.

Toni Myers

Posted on 6/27/14 3:01:09 AM Permalink

Students have an unprecedented access to the information and images on the internet. They can find anything, anytime. It is imperative that we help them develop an understanding of personal responsibility and ethical behavior. Showing them the historical manipulated photos illustrates how easily photographs can be altered in a visually powerful way. Photo manipulation can be artistic and fun as long as the intention is not to deceive.

Jayanthi Sridhar

Posted on 6/18/14 8:05:32 AM Permalink

Giving students samples of good images to work upon,talking about the ethics of shooting a pic to copyright issues to ethical manipulation of images in every photoshop class are just some of the ways students comprehend and differentiate between the 'good' and the 'bad' imagery manipulation.

Lynn Karpinski

Posted on 6/16/14 8:10:23 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

At the beginning of the year, my students and I spend time discussing privacy, photo manipulation, piracy, and one's ethical responsibility. I bring these important issues into my computer graphics class as well as my publications class. I don't believe my high school students would necessarily explore these issues on their own. It's my responsibility and my colleagues' responsibility to education them on ethical questions that arise out of Adobe Photoshop editing/manipulation capabilities.

Vicky Brooks

Posted on 4/28/14 7:18:47 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? Visual Literacy is of paramount importance. I feel it should be embedded into ICT as a part of Information Literacy. It's scary how little students know in a world where everyone is subjected to thousands of manipulated images every week.

How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images? By increasing their awareness – screening videos that demonstrate how photoshop is used to manipulate images. To demonstrate that no one is “perfect” and things shouldn’t always be taken on face value. We have access to so many fantastic opportunities through technology and it can be used for the good but an understanding of the ethics should ALWAYS underpin everything they create.

Deborah Gonzalez

Posted on 3/19/14 6:30:15 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

After viewing the examples of photo image manipulation, I realize this is a topic that needs to be added to the curriculum in many of the high school computer courses. We already teach a unit on copyright which would be a good place to add ethics of digital manipulation. I believe the students need to recognize the serious consequences of digital manipulation when not used appropriately. As a curriculum coordinator, I plan to develop a unit on ethics of digital manipulation in the Digital Interactive Media high school course.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

Dividing students into small groups and having them view examples of digital image maniupulation and then discussing if the use of the manipulation was ethical. Have the students support their decision. Then view the examples as a class and have each group present their point of view. Adobe has provided some excellent resources on this topic in this workshop.

Joanne Bradley

Posted on 1/27/14 8:06:10 PM Permalink

To entice your students into what awaits them in photoshop, using these types of examples are imperative to exiting them with a new program.

Joanne Bradley

Posted on 1/27/14 8:06:05 PM Permalink

To entice your students into what awaits them in photoshop, using these types of examples are imperative to exiting them with a new program.

Rachel Keiser

Posted on 1/24/14 9:41:40 PM Permalink

Oh, my goodness those photoshop possibilities seem endless. It is very difficult for children in our age to understand that the pictures and videos they see in todays age may not be as real as we think. I think one important lesson I would show students was that photoshopping of the actress that got doctored up to look so completely different, so they can understand what they are really seeing in movies before I would even begin to teach lessons inside of photoshop.

Rachel Keiser

Posted on 1/24/14 9:40:34 PM Permalink

Oh, my goodness those photoshop possibilities seem endless. It is very difficult for children in our age to understand that the pictures and videos they see in todays age may not be as real as we thing.

Rachel Keiser

Posted on 1/24/14 9:40:28 PM Permalink

Oh, my goodness those photoshop possibilities seem endless. It is very difficult for children in our age to understand that the pictures and videos they see in todays age may not be as real as we thing.

Aaron Jarvis

Posted on 1/21/14 6:02:42 PM Permalink

From a journalistic approach, I emphasize trying to capture the moment in the camera instead of resorting to digital manipulation. Some basic adjustments to levels/brightness are sometimes necessary but the image should remain as untouched as possible. That being said, I do instruct my students in how to use these indispensable tools to create amazing works of art / fiction but instruct that those skills are to be used outside of the journalistic sphere and that thought should be used in considering the potential consequences of the image.

I try to instill in them the phrase, Just because I can, doesn't mean that I should. There are many photographers who have lost their jobs as a consequence of a seemingly innocent act of photo manipulation and we take a look at those cases so they understand that while they are free to make the choice of how to present the image, they will not necessarily be free of the consequences of that choice.

Aaron Jarvis

Posted on 1/21/14 6:02:41 PM Permalink

From a journalistic approach, I emphasize trying to capture the moment in the camera instead of resorting to digital manipulation. Some basic adjustments to levels/brightness are sometimes necessary but the image should remain as untouched as possible. That being said, I do instruct my students in how to use these indispensable tools to create amazing works of art / fiction but instruct that those skills are to be used outside of the journalistic sphere and that thought should be used in considering the potential consequences of the image.

I try to instill in them the phrase, Just because I can, doesn't mean that I should. There are many photographers who have lost their jobs as a consequence of a seemingly innocent act of photo manipulation and we take a look at those cases so they understand that while they are free to make the choice of how to present the image, they will not necessarily be free of the consequences of that choice.

Erik Cain

Posted on 1/7/14 4:03:15 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

They would be able to learn about what images are good for use and which ones are not. A lot of students tend to copy and paste everything.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images? I teach them how to do it, but also that the ethical nature behind manipulating images

karen bladergroen

Posted on 1/7/14 12:20:28 AM Permalink

Through collaborating with the librarians at my high school we presented a series of lessons on copyright law, the internet and the ethics of digital manipulation. I also employ some of the strategies from Visual Thinking which addresses ways that teachers can introduce art images and discussions in the classroom.

Deborah Balcarek

Posted on 1/5/14 7:47:16 PM Permalink

As a start I think you can break it down into two components: education and responsibility. Since it is such a technological and digital world educating and challenging students to question what they see would provide a basis for thought and judgement. As students gain the skills to personally manipulate images they become responsible for their choices and actions. As was pointed out perhaps it has always gone on- has a student ever forged a signature etc, but digital image manipulation brings many questions to the forefront. I think art provides the basis for students to examine things. An art classroom hopefully already explores many similar issues such as one's perspective, opinion, voice etc

Wanda ClarkeMorin

Posted on 1/5/14 6:06:18 AM Permalink

Students always need to be made aware of their ethical responsibility when using images. I have found that as faculty in higher education, I have erroneously made the assumption that students understand that using images they have found online may actually be infringing on copyright laws. Therefore, I have built into each of my classes, a discussion period about copyright and how that applies to their assignments.

Mavis McLean

Posted on 1/3/14 7:53:33 PM Permalink

Visual literacy should play a huge role in the development of students as digital citizens. Students should be aware that pictures can be easily manipulated, as they have been since the advent of photography. The old adage, "a picture never lies" is no longer an accurate statement.

Students should know that in creating and promoting visual imagery there comes a responsibility to be ethical to those that will ultimately view the images. Photos should never be used for deception, even if they are altered. Photos should inform, enlighten, and entertain the viewer.

Sue Nicholson

Posted on 1/3/14 4:25:59 AM Permalink

last year I ran a digital design semester long IB course where students looked at digital manipulations and how they affected different responses in those looking at it. Most of the students produced really well thought opinions and many realised the importance of providing proof of images / details if manipulated

Sara Rapp

Posted on 1/3/14 4:06:20 AM Permalink

I'm currently developing a unit on digital citizenship and ethical use of images will have its own prominent section. It will include discussions of copyright and fair use, including creative commons and licensing, as well as the ethics of digital image manipulation. Every student needs to know about this, whether they are actively involved in producing visual materials or not (though most will eventually).

ann carter

Posted on 1/2/14 8:55:31 PM Permalink

Visual literacy plays an important part of the students' development as digital citizens. We start the year talking about digital citizenship, copyright, fair use, etc. and then revisit as needed when we get to different projects throughout the year.

Petra Perz

Posted on 1/2/14 3:35:17 PM Permalink

Visual literacy plays an important role in today's education and it will play a more important role in the future. The future of education is digital and it will not be complete without the development of ethics around it. Many important values spin around it: from self-esteem to historic truths or the role of rights of use. Are we, teachers, prepared to face the challenge ? Do we give ethics the importance it really has? I always try not to separate teaching from ethics. I think it is important to do it no matter the field you are in.

Veronique FournierWynne

Posted on 12/31/13 6:38:45 PM Permalink

This class reminded me something that already most of us knew. Photographs have been manipulated since photography was invented. Photoshop today is widely available, though it is not all that easy quite yet to use. The problem is the same and it comes done to ethics. So any design classes have to be presented together with a solid talk on ethics. It should not be taught without the other. By this constant reminder only, students will be aware and take responsibility that their designs do not come without its counterpart: ethics.

marianne kelley

Posted on 12/29/13 6:47:06 PM Permalink

I try to teach my students that visuals are powerful and subjective. The same image can emote varied reactions depending on the person’s circumstance; they can cause people to feel positive or negative. The specific angle at which an image is taken can hugely effect a person’s perception and attitude toward the subject that may not have been experienced before; one image can offer enlightenment of a topic. I believe we can teach visual literacy at a very young age to help enrich their minds to think about images in a critical way. As teachers we can offer an opportunity to be aware of the constant flux of images in our daily lives and provide tools on how to interpret images.

I teach to the integrity of an image and what that means. I give them examples and show them how images are manipulated in positive and negative ways, but I try not to impart my beliefs and simply offer questions for discussion while they to sort through to find answers.

Jan Lay

Posted on 12/28/13 10:02:51 PM Permalink

I mostly teach landscape architecture students and marketing students, with a smattering of others. My LA students are usually using the CS tools to create their "visions" of a landscape design. The marketing students are usually taking the class because they know having Adobe skills will help them in their job search. I don't talk a lot about the ethics of photo manipulation as my focus is on teaching how to use the tools, not what the students will be doing with them, but there are a lot of good resources contained within this section that will be added to my course, both as discussion points for learning the software, and for the students to consider as they enter the workforce.

Mary Puglia

Posted on 12/28/13 9:11:57 PM Permalink

I have definitely increased the use of online tools and projects to keep up with my students. I'm not sure what a digital citizen is- isn't the true meaning that citizens are more aware and use more technology then they did a few years ago? They keep up with technology because of their job, they use it with friends or kids, use it to track their meetings for a week.

I do think that the ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate photos isn't something most students (and adults) think about. They like a photo and paste it on their own page or their use the photo for an assignment. There is software to detect plagiarism, but detecting the origin of a photo isn't that easy. Embedded watermarks and other items designed to prevent wrongful use of a picture aren't very useful. Students already know how to remove all markings on a photo. So all you can do is constantly remind them of this issue. Some of them are so tech savvy - it might be interesting to ask them to come up with a way to protect a photo from copyright infringement. I bet some of them would have it done before the class is over!

Mary Puglia

Posted on 12/24/13 11:10:47 PM Permalink

I do not teach a class where Photoshop is used. I have thought about having students, working in groups, develop PPT's on different organs or body systems without using the photos from their textbook. Photos supplied by the publisher are on separate CD's and they are labeled, unlabeled, magnified higher or lower, publishers basically try to cover every possible range of photos that they use in the the textbook. This is a great help for me, but students can access it on the publishers website, so it can cause some issues with student work.

Plagiarism is hard enough to keep under control. Many students do not understand about copyright and plagiarism, even after I have gone over the basics. They think Wikipedia is just a pool of knowledge that they are free to use but don't have to acknowledge it. I have both of these topics (plagiarism and copyright) and how they are treated in my syllabus and I also have how to correctly cite an outside course, even if it is their textbook. Only a few students read the syllabus, so the students who haven't read the syllabus will stand out on their first assignment. Hopefully, they pick up something from this experience.

Currently, digital literacy and digital imaging are not a consideration of mine, but I know it will be soon.

Brenda Soto-Martinez

Posted on 12/18/13 3:11:47 AM Permalink

Being Ethic is very important in any subject or work. I mostly teach audio, and I guide my students through the importance of ethic in our profession. But I also consider that this main values should be started with their parents. Being unethical can damage others and will affect our image as professionals.

Miriam Schechter

Posted on 12/17/13 6:33:21 PM Permalink

This class has really brought home to me the importance of all of us understanding how digital communication impacts everything we do. On the one hand, it allows anything to be manipulated and changed, so you can't treat what you see on your monitor as factual representation of reality. On the other hand, we have to teach that on the other end of your screen is a human being, with feelings and with a social context that may be very different from yours. We are so much closer to everyone today that we have to increase our sensitivity, not abandon it. Specifically in regard to the ethics of manipulating someone else's work, I wonder if the Photoshop Tennis is an ideal tool to demonstrate to students the experience of seeing the work you did, your creative genius, taken and changed by someone else.

Kimberley Martin

Posted on 12/17/13 1:01:36 AM Permalink

Intention is important for students to understand. Intending to deceive is quite different than an artistic expression.

Rosemary Ratajczyk

Posted on 12/17/13 12:56:54 AM Permalink

I believe it is our responsibility to inform and teach students about the ethical use of photographs. We need to address ethics if it is not coming from the home to create a better society. Hopefully we can reach their level of conscience in the proper use of cell phone or internet photos for positive use. Teaching them about creative commons and legal issues can have an impact on what and how they choose to use in Photoshop. In some cases, students just do not know about the legality of copyright and as educators we need to inform them.

john korassa

Posted on 12/16/13 10:51:46 PM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?

I strongly believe that our students need to have background knowledge when it comes to working with visual literacy. It is important for teacher to make their students informed of the ethics behind images in the media and especially if these students are learning about image manipulation. With the skills that students are learning using these tools that we are showing them they can use them for either positive or unfortunately negative ways. As informed citizens I hope that our students will choose to be positive users of the software.

How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

A great way to talk to students about the politics and ethics of using image manipulation would be by showing them a few example of when image manipulation was in the media to distort meaning. Some great images that were shown in this week’s lesson were the ones of political figures, historical people and how the beauty has turned into something that is unattainable.


Posted on 12/16/13 3:18:56 AM Permalink

How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens? How do you talk to your students about the politics and ethics of using Photoshop to manipulate images?

Young people today are a fully technological generation. They are consumers of images , through internet, TV , use of cell phones, ipod , etc. .

As adults, we must guide them in understanding ethical concepts that make good use of digital images. I inform students about copyright and explain what happens when they change and edit images downloaded from internet .

They should know when they can use images from the internet and when should not be used .

We always talk about ethics and copyright in practical work with my students. The work they develop must be created from their own images, no from internet .

They take their own photos, working in Photoshop , make collages of still images or video .

This course has enlightened me new ideas to continue building new projects with my students.

Brian Buck

Posted on 12/15/13 10:13:19 PM Permalink

I think the concept of visual literacy and developing digital citizenship is a ever changing topic. You could talk about a cetain topic and then the following week there could be something added to the discussion. Look at cyberbulling, its not set in stone how to handle it and like most schools they have policies but then along comes a situation that they have not experienced before. What needs to be done is for not just the technology teacher to talk about digital citizenship but all teachers to incorporate this into there curriculum.

CarolJane Person

Posted on 12/15/13 8:51:37 PM Permalink

I talk to my students about the concept of visual literacy from the point of view of them being able to interpret and derive messages from images, tables, and graphs that are used in our instructional materials. Now, I will be able to engage them in discussions about ethics and copyright as they begin developing images for the instructional materials that they create.

kathy chastain

Posted on 12/13/13 6:19:18 AM Permalink

I incorporate a section of Visual Literacy into my classes early on to help students start making the connections between copyright, ethics and their role as digital citizens. These are topics that come up throughout the term.

Imelda Hernández

Posted on 12/13/13 5:21:13 AM Permalink

In the photography courses I teach, students investigate and discuss several cases where an ethical dilemma is identified. After analyzing these cases, each student defines five important aspects that are part of yours code of ethics.

Rose Szabo

Posted on 12/13/13 2:50:37 AM Permalink

The fact that middle school students, who are so easily influenced by media, understand that their "idols" are not perfect, makes it a great start for a discussion about the politics and ethics of manipulating images. This is where I would start with my students.

Arlene Bergslien

Posted on 12/16/13 5:25:38 PM Permalink

I agree. You bring up an excellent idea.

Lori Lind

Posted on 12/13/13 1:42:20 AM Permalink

I a believer in telling the truth and I try to instill that belief in the students. Touching up photos to hide blemishes enhances photos or to create humorous works with no malicious intent could be positive, but to create photos with intent to lie is not acceptable. Students should have frank discussions about pros & cons of creating such works for evil gain. They should also discuss careers that may entail creating such images and know before going into such lines of work that people may get hurt in the process. They will really have to think about if that line of work is worth the money.

James Stauffer

Posted on 12/13/13 1:35:51 AM Permalink

I encourage students to publish their work. When we look for information on a topic, any image is useful for learning, but as soon as we want to put it into a learning object, it's a different story. Learners can of course manipulate or mash up any image for their own learning or enjoyment, but to share what they've done with others, whether online or on-the-wall, it needs to be something they have the right to use. In this context I have introduced creative commons and public domain searches. Having seen how much more difficult it is to find the perfect non-copyrighted image, I also encourage them to also attach a CC-BY licence to their own original work so it can get wider circulation.

Many of the adults in our isolated community are unaware of the manipulation that is used on images they consume (TV & magazines) The site will be a good introduction to begin to help them see what they are being sold. I'm now curious to see how far they think it is OK to go in "making yourself look good". Digital photo manipulation is only one facet of this deception.

Shirley Coles

Posted on 12/12/13 6:04:39 PM Permalink

In the digital world we use software that is wysiwyg (what you see is what you get) and that only things that are attractive make the big bucks. However, you need to have our students to be mindful that beauty is only skin deep but the perception of things are what is important.

As we teach and develop our students thinking order we must have them to dig deep within as to the their moral and ethic values in order for them to be able to distinguish a sense of fairness in this technology world.

To introduce the topic of politics and ethics with students, I would start with each students bringing in a picture image of himself/herself. I would have each student to exchange his/her image with another classmate and have them to create a negative or positive campaign poster. From the assignment, I would lead the students into a discussion of how would the poster promote or demote the persons change for a political office. After having several students to express how the poster alter their belief or self esteem; the question would be, if the amount of money would be worth hurting a person's self worth or in the case of positive feedback, would it be worth deceit, or was it a true representation of the individual and would be worth the money.

Pedro Perez

Posted on 12/12/13 4:35:47 AM Permalink

This course is a good reminder of how important is to teach our students the importance of copyrights. I ask them to bring their own photos to class and a lot of them do not want to do so (unbelievable considering the amount of selfies they take!). If the pictures are just taken from the Internet they have to re-do the assignment or fail.

This year I showed the creative commons video in class, I think that help them understand that this is a serious issue.

Arlene Bergslien

Posted on 12/16/13 5:27:22 PM Permalink

Good to show them creative commons video. They will know where to go.

cassandra knight

Posted on 12/11/13 9:19:04 PM Permalink

I encourage my students to complete projects using their own images. To be digitally literate they need to stop relying on the internet for images. We discuss copyright and how images can be manipulated in Photoshop. It is good for them to start using their cameras (phone cameras are good) and save a portfolio of images that they can use at a later stage. I encourage them to sign up to a cloud provider (skydrive is good) where they can put all these images and access when needed.

Kim Sandford

Posted on 12/11/13 6:54:46 PM Permalink

In my graphics and web courses, we discuss the endless possibilities that Photoshop provides, and how even the most "perfect" models and actors are edited, but through this course I realize I also need to address the responsibility of the students when it comes to digital citizenship and ethical responsibility. I appreciate so much the discussions and ideas that have been shared in the course! Those discussions have helped me realize how much I still need to learn and how it needs to be introduced/discussed with the students as well.

Mary Slumpff

Posted on 12/11/13 4:47:01 PM Permalink

I think students need to understand that they have a responsibility as digital citizens. Since their work may be viewed by the public they need to consider the impact their images will have on viewers and address the purpose behind their editing. The instruction will teach them that many viewers will assume their manipulated images are real unless they are surreal. What do they want to communicate about reality to their viewer? Students need to know the copyright issues and fair use policies. I would place emphasis on the "sharing" of content. There is an abundance of sharing so there is no need to use images without permission.

Arlene Bergslien

Posted on 12/16/13 5:30:25 PM Permalink

You see on Facebook how many people believe the images they see there are being real. They don't do their homework or think something seems off. Snoops is good to check many of them out.

Linda Ehley

Posted on 12/11/13 3:16:29 AM Permalink

In a number of my courses we use PhotoShop at a very beginning level. We always discuss copyright, but this course has really enlighten me on the need to talk about "ethics" and the ability to change and edit images. Students need to be informed consummers of images and understand how they can be manipulated.

Ann Keaney

Posted on 12/11/13 2:51:59 AM Permalink

I think most people are unaware of the ethics regarding the use of resources found on the internet. Also the proliferation of Photoshopped images has definitely fed into the increase in body image issues among young people. Visual literacy and the development of a critical eye is definitely needed to become a good digital citizen. Also developing a moral ethos is important. However it is easy to see how lines get blurred when so much music is sampled from older artists and there is constant mash-up of different media.

Arlene Bergslien

Posted on 12/16/13 5:32:28 PM Permalink

I agree. You see or hear how much older work is being used. Some of those artists have not given up their rights.

Marie Smith

Posted on 12/11/13 2:18:51 AM Permalink

I am just beginning to incorporate Photoshop into my curriculum so I will definitely discuss the dos and dont's of using images found online. I will introduce them to the Creative Common website. I will also discuss the copyright laws. They need to fully aware that they cannot just go to Google images and select images to manipulate without the proper permissions.

Bambi Vogele

Posted on 12/11/13 2:11:31 AM Permalink

It is important for others to get credit where credit is due. We tend to have that respect in my culture because we believe being humble is a virtue. With that being said, though it can still happen. I had a photo of mine printed on the front page of Native American times a few years back and I wasn't given photo credit for it. I told the person I gave the photo to I didn't mind if it was used for whatever just give me credit when it was used. Of course had no idea it would be on the front page of the Native Times when I said that and I was sad when I wasn't credited as requested. I use this real life situation as an example for my students.

Bambi Vogele

Posted on 12/11/13 1:49:51 AM Permalink

Ethics can be a tricky thing to discuss since some things done in other cultures are not done in my Native culture. For example if one tribe gives another tribe a song it belongs to that tribe and the other tribe no longer plays it because it is theirs now.

As a general rule I tell students if you know you would not like someone doing something to you or your property then you should not do it to someone else. We talk about intellectual property and how ideas are owned.

Jeff Ratliff

Posted on 12/11/13 1:38:17 AM Permalink

I'm a yearbook adviser and we constantly reflect on the context of photos. If a photo is a closeup, the caption has to provide the context. Even if a photo is wide angle, it is still out of context -- that is, something a person at the scene would have been able to see, the photo necessarily leaves out of the frame.

In terms of processing, basically only cropping and leveling are allowed. Students often want to flip a photo to make it fit on a spread. However, that reverses text, puts jewelry on the other hand or in the other ear, and moves blemishes to the other side. So, if a student sees her photo with a mole that belongs on the left cheek showing on the right cheek, she will begin to doubt the integrity of the staff and the book.

Darren Kay

Posted on 12/10/13 1:37:39 PM Permalink

most of us are marketed to several times a day with doctored images, that sell us a little white lie (often). Perhaps a relevant approach could to bring in to class a photo of a fast food meal as shown in the press, and then an equivalent picture (or real thing) of what i have just bought from that fast food franchise. This opens a dialogue of "being sold something" and the reasons and ethics around why this takes place. simple marketing might develop into more insightful ideas around politics, ideology etc.

Pedro Perez

Posted on 12/12/13 4:39:15 AM Permalink

Hi Darren:

I have that thought every time I see the big McDonald's truck with that perfect Big Mac...

I have a friend that work for a magazine and she told me of many tricks they did to make the food look better, like spending hours looking for the perfect flakes on cereal for the shooting.

Lois Stauffer

Posted on 12/10/13 5:41:16 AM Permalink

I'm not a teacher, but I'm the wife of a teacher. Basically in this course I'm a learner, and I am learning to ask myself these questions about the ethics of Photoshop. Like how I felt when my photo which was Photoshopped won a photo contest and they wanted the RAW image for printing purposes. I did not give them the RAW image because I didn't believe they had a right to it and I was worried they wouldn't make the picture look as good as I did.

I agree with the presenter tonight we need to make our original photo as good as we can to start with. Also how we present the end product is important.

penny stewart

Posted on 12/10/13 5:35:34 AM Permalink

I teach faculty how to do the basics in Photoshop Elements in a 2 hour workshop, so I really don't touch on ethics other than respecting others' works and copyrights. I will be adding in the information about using the advanced search in Google and tracking down the usability of the images in Creative Commons. It would be interesting to bring up ethics and provide some misuse examples, but that would have to be a whole new workshop or discussion beyond what I teach.

Jean Langston

Posted on 12/9/13 9:23:06 PM Permalink

We've always discussed copyright, but I haven't had a discussion about the ethics of photo editing before. For high school students, I think the website with the doctored historical figures is a great place to start, and I think it would be great to discuss ethics vs. aesthetics. I also love the dove video on real beauty. I think that's a great talking point also. These students need to see why the magazine images they see don't represent reasonable beauty standards.

Jean Discorfano

Posted on 12/9/13 7:45:26 PM Permalink

I know the first thing I have to teach my summer students is that they cannot just go to Google images and choose what they want and use on their webpages. Teach them that it is unethical to go to any website and try to right click on a picture and copy it.

I will show them how to use the advance search, introduce them to Creative Common licenses. We will then discuss copyright laws. I must make them realize that everything they see and read on the internet is not always the truth.

Ross Patrick

Posted on 12/9/13 7:34:36 PM Permalink

It's tricky but I find a good way to approach the concept of ethics in imagery is to use the example of The Campbells soup can, Andy Warhol's Soup Can artwork and Banksy's Tesco Stripes soup can as an entry point for discussion. I believe appropriation in a culture of post-production is only healthy as like a meme evolves an artwork can too ( I also feel students automatically have a built in ideology that copying is wrong which is a great start.

Mike Blegen

Posted on 12/9/13 2:35:02 PM Permalink

I try to combine the ethical use of Photoshop with the fundamental idea about visual literacy on the Internet itself. A good deal of my time is spent trying to teach students to become effective filters when surfing the web. Too many students (high school juniors and seniors) come into my program with no idea how to use search engines- often clicking on the very first link after a keyword search in Google. They have a strong tendency to believe anything they read (with Wikipedia being the only source cited) and that inclination is even more pronounced for images that they see. Gradually, as they learn more and more about digital manipulation, they start to question more about how images are put together.

A J Butler

Posted on 12/9/13 2:22:19 PM Permalink

I’d have no idea how to talk to primary school students about ethics. I like to encourage my adult students to apply skills they may already have developed for critical reading to images. Some discussions about the manipulation of images on the web have begun with these thoughts:

  • Is this the only image available on a topic, If so, is it biased?
  • Are there patterns or repetitions, things that don’t make sense?
  • Is the image in perspective? Can it be contextualized?
  • What message is being communicated? Facts? Opinions? Some mixture?
  • What was it Marshall McLuhan said?

John Frick

Posted on 12/9/13 1:46:25 PM Permalink

In part of our reading an emphasis was given to stressing that copyright provides the photographer/artist the freedom to create without having their work being used / stolen without their permission. If we can have our students identify themselves as artist they can better empathize with other artist and not use their work without permission. In class I relate the case of Shepard Fairey's Obama "Hope" poster where he used the photograph taken by photographer Mannie Garcia. We talk about the fairness of using other's work and the artist taking from other artist.

We also take the adage Seeing is Believing and add not so much. The CBS Sunday Morning segment and the Dove video is both used.

Mary Alice Schmidt

Posted on 12/9/13 3:48:32 AM Permalink

The students that come into my Photoshop class think they can browse the net and download any image they want and manipulate it to be what they want it to be. Of course, we do not do any work for pay, so that is not an issue to be addressed, however it they get hired to help at the newspaper, it could become an issue. I did not cover this topic at the beginning of the class. We are just finishing up basic a Photoshop book and assignments. I think after Christmas break, I will begin the second semester, before we begin working on fun projects, with them researching this topic and finding or making some examples.

Keith Garnett

Posted on 12/9/13 3:02:54 AM Permalink

I caution my students that in their world, the one they are and will be in, can no longer be believed based on "photographic" evidence. Almost any two dimensional image can now fraudulently miss represent its content. Now, at least in 2 dimensional images, seeing is no longer believable. One's ambition and work should never violate their honor nor should it cause others to lose trust in what one says and does.

John Linn

Posted on 11/21/13 3:28:27 PM Permalink

We all know the power an image may have, in a positive or a negative way. I think it is important for students to consider their familiarity and use of images as carefully as they do their words. Whether as original source, copied, or modified, what they choose to select and project has lasting impact. The second "layer" of concern, then, is honesty regarding the sourcing. Truthful reference again applies to images as well as to words. Openness in creating and inventing needs to balance with a mindset for "full transparency" in order to remain healthy and grow.

Jean Discorfano

Posted on 11/8/13 4:21:05 PM Permalink

Students should be given certain guide lines to follow when working with different images. They must know the difference between

fun and malicious defacing of a photo.

Jean Grabaskas

Posted on 10/12/13 11:04:17 AM Permalink

Students need to be aware of what is ethical and unethical when it come to photo manipulation. They have to learn what is art and what is fraud. Are they changing the photo to make a statement, enhance the quality or show something that just isn't so. They have to be aware of ramifications of altering the photo, whether it be good or bad. They also have to be aware of when it is acceptable and when it isn't.

Andrea Cushion

Posted on 10/4/13 3:31:44 PM Permalink

Students need to be made fully aware of the issues and consequences and be politically correct as digital citizens.

Cherie O'Callaghan

Posted on 9/11/13 1:56:26 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is an important part of critical literacy. Students need to be aware of how they use photo manipulation, their purpose in using it, that it does not cause hurt, harm, offend others, deliberately mislead others. Being up front about how photo manipulation has been used ensures that others are fully informed. Developing an understanding of the ethics of image manipulation is especially important in a time where face to face contact can prevent us from gauging other people's responses and therefore enable us to judge the appropriateness of the manipulations.

G Tomas Corsini Sr

Posted on 8/6/13 10:00:14 PM Permalink

Don Hoye

Posted on 8/5/13 10:01:27 PM Permalink

Truth is truth. Unless otherwise.

But why do we have to teach honesty? Because they are not taught at home? Do we have to tell our students that you can't copy money and reprint it to spend.

If you remove Lincoln's pic on a saw buck and replace it with your own image, is it art until you spend it?

Ethics are only as good as those that believe in ethics. As in any other moral issue without a basis to learn from, ethics are just another language to most students. "I 'll learn as much as I need to pass the test"

Robert Reed

Posted on 7/31/13 9:04:58 PM Permalink

We live in a world in which the notion of telling the truth, either verbally or visually, is viewed as quaint and passe. Increasingly, we believe what we choose to believe, and most people tend to inform themselves from sites that reflect their own predispositions. When we add to that the media's propensity to enhance or embellish a story, either verbally or visually, to increase its ratings and likeability, we end up not knowing who or what to believe, or if we can believe anyone. Visual literacy, and an awareness of how others can lie to us, can reduce to at least some degree the ability of others to lie to or manipulate us.

Helen Foster

Posted on 7/28/13 3:20:27 PM Permalink

We have a responsibility as trainers to insure that students understand digital ethics and how by using photoshop to manipulate images can have a huge impact on others. I would ask students to research the historical images, then have a group discussion on the subject.

G Tomas Corsini Sr

Posted on 7/27/13 6:25:33 PM Permalink

The First Question: "How do you see visual literacy playing a role in your students' development as digital citizens?"

My answer: As we teach others, I see our role as key in that we must introduce "responsible visual literacy" along with the use and training of social media tools provided in classrooms and CTC's (Computer Technology Centers).

The Second Question: "How do you talk to your students about the ethics of using products like Photoshop to manipulate images?"

My Answer: I believe it is healthy to show historical controversy in the misuse of image altering products and stories around the individuals who manipulated them. Next and equally important, have a rich class discussion on rule of law and our freedom of speech rights, to get the fire going, next look at both sides of the coin; the side that is in the image, and the side who manipulated it. Have a healthy discussion between groups to defending each side's perspective. Lastly, the people we teach or educate are smart enough to see the social responsibility present, our job is to hold up the mirror and ask the question.

G. Tomas Corsini Sr.

Imelda Hernández

Posted on 7/25/13 5:19:41 AM Permalink

Sorry if I can not express myself well in English. I speak Spanish.
A picture is worth a thousand words.
Visual literacy is a very important thing to discuss with our students. Manipulating or altering an image comes great responsibility. Students must learn how to use photoshop tools, so we must first be clear what the communicative purpose of the image. We must also assess what will be most important in the image: ethics or aesthetics.

Kay Broeder

Posted on 7/19/13 12:48:29 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is important for student to learn about. They need to learn when they can use and when it not appropriate to use. They need to understand that they need to be up front about the techniques they use on a photograph. I agree with Carol Henrichs' statement on providing 1st hand experience on how to manipulate images. This also will give them the skills to help restore old photos that might have been damaged.

Carol Henrichs

Posted on 7/18/13 7:46:01 PM Permalink

Visual literacy is important not only as a consumer of information but also as a producer of information. A good illustration is often easier to comprehend and may require less explanation than a simple chart or graph. Citizens of the world may not be able to read the words but can interpret the visuals associated with news and events. Providing first hand experience in manipulating images helps students gain and understanding of just how easily it can be done as a means to influence others. Showing the examples from history really help drive home the point, that one should maintain a healthy level of skepticism about what is presented in images as factual.

Mark Slusher

Posted on 7/17/13 2:12:09 AM Permalink

Advancement in technology has given creativity a new layer to be explored. It is absolutely wonderful to see someone push that envelope to the pixel edge. There is the personal eye as to what is artistic and what is defacing reality. It is only hoped that people are fully understanding the scruples of society when expressing their technology prowess. As an educator, we must with proper direction, be able to facilitate these understandings and responsibilities to our next generation.

Denise Spence

Posted on 7/14/13 7:41:57 PM Permalink

It is amazing how in today's day and age you have to be aware of technology's capabilities in order to be more savvy about the visuals we are inundated with on our world. Students need to know how what they see isn't always what you get but also need to know when you need truth in advertising. Digital Ethics should be introduced as a dialogue and suposition to other training applications in the classroom.

Nanette Bulebosh

Posted on 7/8/13 5:45:40 AM Permalink

Visual literacy is quite important for today's students. They need to learn to be skeptical about what they see in the media. The Today show feature about altered images is really telling. I love the satire of Korean image editing.